Plant of the Month



General Properties

Plant Name: Liquidambar styraciflua - Sweetgum
Common Names: American Sweetgum, Red Sweetgum, Redgum
Plant Type: Deciduous Tree,tree
Origin: Mexico, Central America
Native To: FL, AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MA, MS, MO, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV, Mexico, Central America
Family: Altingiaceae
Height (ft): 75
Growth: Medium,fast
Hardiness Zones: 5 To 10
Salt Tolerance: Medium
Drought: Medium
Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral
Soil Type: Wide
Soil Drainage: Moist, Well Drained
Light: Medium,high
Nutrition: Medium

Flower & Leaf Properties

Flower Property: Inconspicuous,insignificant
Flower Color: Green, Yellow
Foliage Color: Green, Orange, Purple, Red, Scarlet, Yellow
Leaf Property: Simple, Alternate, Star-shaped
Leaf Texture: Coarse
Season: Spring

Other Properties

Uses: Shade Tree, Specimen, Parks, Reclamation Plantings, Residential Street Tree
Propagate: Seeds, Grafting, Cuttings
Fruit: Round, Prickly Fruit (Gum Balls), Brown
Environment: Drought Stress Promotes Stem Canker And Dieback Diseases. Deep Planting Causes Root Death From Low Oxygen In The Soil. Moderate Tolerance To Air Pollutants. Moderate Tolerance To Water-logged Soils. Fruit Can Cause Litter Problems.
Problems: Disease: Canker, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Nectria, Bleeding Canker, Butt Rot, Cylindrocladium, Dieback, Fusarium Root Rot, Ganoderma, Oxyporus And Phytophthora Pest: Ambrosia Beetles, Leafcutting Ants, Oak Weevil, Thrips, Caterpillars, Forest Tent Caterpillar, Twig Pruner, Black Twig Borer, Whitefly, Sweetgum Scale, Cottony Cushion Scale, Aphids And Mites
Notes: Selected cultivars are grafted or budded to seedling root stock which may vary in their ability to tolerate deep planting or water-logged soil. Sweetgum is a large, fast-growing tree and needs adequate soil moisture during drought stress conditions. Dieback, canker or ambrosia beetles may become problematic.
Photo by Shade Tree Nursery.
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